Habitats and Ecosystems

Jim Corbett National Park

The entire stretch of the Corbett National Park has the largest environmental situations by way of her geographical location, physical features and climatic types. As a result it displays the widest variety of biomes. The diverse geographical feature of Corbett has given birth to an equally varied set of life communities. Such unique habitat, along with the distinct flora and fauna forms recognizable ecosystems that can be experienced when you travel through Corbett.


Mountain is a large landform that rises above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. It is formed through tectonic forces. Due to irregular variation in peak altitude, slope, temperature, relief and the amount of light received there is a great diversity in mountain habitats. We observe unique characteristics in mountain plants and animal communities residents in the foothills of Himalayas. However, ecosystems around the mountains are unstable.


Sal (Shorea rubusta) is a native to the Indian Sub Continent and can be seen raging in different parts of the country. This beautiful tree grows up to 30 m high and has majestic, shining foliage. Sal is the native tree species of the Corbett which forms the dense jungle. The area surrounding saal forests receives tropical monsoon type of climate. These dense Saal forests forms an important wildlife habitats inside the Corbett National Park. The main trait of the sal trees is that they grow tall and robust allow several layers of vegetation to grow under. As a result the ecosystem of Saal forests boasts wide variety of trees includes herbs, shrubs, climbers, fungi, lichens and mosses. It gives shelter to many mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians.

Khair-Sissoo Forests

The major landscape of the Corbett is dominated by the Sal forests but beside that there occur another distinct ecosystem near rivers and streams. It comprises of Khair and Shisham trees which grow on sandy, gravelly areas all along the Ramganga and other water bodies.


Chaur is the most unique vegetation habitat of Corbett. It forms the vital wildlife habitats that were once used for agriculture. Patil Dun area of the park forms the major Chaurs of Corbett. Other important area of the park includes: Dhikala, Bijrani, Phulai, Khinanuli, Paterpani, Mohanpani etc.

Don’t forget to carry:

  • Camera
  • Video camera
  • Travelling clothes
  • Mobile
  • Travel bag

Do not Forget

A well-planned travel is not only blissful but lingers fresh in the memory for a long time. One obviously would love a hassle-free travel, as it is meant for rest and enjoyment and above all to escape from the daily ordeal of life. If on a travel too, one finds oneself running from pillar to post and making last-minute arrangements, one would love to forget the holiday and the horrifying memories associated with it. India is a tough country, in terms of temperament and terrain. Before venturing on a sojourn to India, one needs to follow some simple guidelines to make the stay a pleasant one. Follow the tips in earnest and put your best foot forth and come to India with a desire, and India promises that you will leave the land with an ardent wish to come back again.

India Travel – Do’s and Don’ts

Follow these do’s and don’ts while you are traveling in India and you will remain out of any trouble hopefully.

Language – Make others understand what you are saying, speak slowly and repeat the things. Chances are that whatever you are saying is being misunderstood due to the differences in accent.

Permission for Photography – Take the necessary permissions and permits before photographing any government property, especially railways.

Beware – Never reply to a ‘hello’ of a common and never catch the eye of a professional beggar. Your simulated brutal indifference saves you energy and them time. No one pesters a hard touch when there are other tourists around.

Bargaining – Try to bargain as much possible, as most of the shopkeepers price the products well over the normal retail price.

Photography – Never buy camera film except from a recognized dealer. For places on higher altitude try using manual Indian cameras, as sophisticated automatic cameras might not be able to withstand extreme climates.

Beware of Dogs – Always give wide berth to the dogs that cross your path. The alternative may be two weeks of painful injections. Don’t run away or show fear to a stray dog or monkey, hold your ground and they will back off.

First Aid Kit – Don’t forget to keep the tablets of aspirin, paracetamol, and vitamins like the B-Complex. Check out with your doctor about the medicines you can use during your travel in India. Also try to keep in your first-aid kit, a pack of glucose powder, bandages, antiseptic creams or lotions, and Isabgol for abdominal problems.

Newspapers – Always buy a newspaper even if you are not going to read the news. They are very handy in relieving you of any boredom, work as a paper bag for shoes and fruits, help in stabilizing the rocking tables in a restaurant, sealing a window that rattles, swat flies, work as blotting paper, and will turn into paper airplanes.

Other Important Items – A small torch is an essential equipment as the lights are prone to power cuts. Always carry a small lock to double-lock the doors of the tourist bungalow or budget accommodation you are staying in. Also carry a string, if you have the urge to measure the length of everything in sight, an umbrella, which can be used as a walking stick, to scare off dogs, and to save yourself from raindrops.

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